Tuition fees at universities in Turkey vary depending on a number of factors, such as the type of institution (public or private), the programme of study and the location of the university. In general, tuition fees are lower at public universities in Turkey than at private universities. For example, tuition fees for undergraduate programmes at public universities in Turkey range from around 2,000 to 4,000 Turkish liras (TL) per year, while tuition fees at private universities can range from 5,000 to 20,000 TL per year. Tuition fees for postgraduate programmes are usually higher than for undergraduate programmes. In addition, tuition fees at universities in Istanbul and other major cities may be higher than at universities in other parts of the country. It is worth noting that the cost of living in Turkey is generally lower than in many other countries, which can help offset the cost of tuition fees for international students.